CNRS (Centre National de Recherche Scientifique)
The Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (National Centre for Scientific Research) is a government-funded research organisation, under the administrative authority of France's Ministry of Research. CNRS's annual budget represents a quarter of French public spending on civilian research. As the largest fundamental research organisation in Europe, CNRS carries out research in all fields of knowledge, through its ten CNRS Institutes.
IN2P3 is the institute of the CNRS concerned in the Helix Nebula Initiative. Founded in 1971, the aim of the National institute of nuclear and particle physics (IN2P3) of the CNRS is to promote and unify research activities in the fields of nuclear physics, particle and astroparticle physics. It coordinates programmes within these fields on behalf of the CNRS and universities, in partnership with CEA. IN2P3 is also responsible for running several major national facilities including particle accelerators. It also supports several international facilities (e.g. CERN, EGO/VIRGO).